How to install and configure the Citrix XenClient – Part 1
HOW TO INSTALL AND CONFIGURE THE CITRIX XENCLIENT PART 1
1. Make sure you select compatible hardware.
The currently available version of the Citrix XenClient (Express) supports a limited set of hardware. Running the setup on the wrong hardware will cause the setup to fail.
The XenClient requires the following hardware:
– Intel Core 2 Duo or i5/i7 CPU
– Intel vPro chipset (recent version)
– Intel vPro chipset embedded graphics card (ATI and NVIDIA cards will not work)
– 2GB+ ram (personally I would recommend at least 4GB)
The XenClient uses approx. 512mb so if you want to host 2 VM’s with at least 1GB of memory then you need 3GB
For Windows7 I would recommend 2GB per VM to for a good performance. On my test laptops (HP Elitebook 6930p and Lenovo T400) I tested with 1GB and 2GB Windows 7 VM’s and I noticed a big increase in performance on the VM with 2GB.
2. Prepare the hardware
You have to enable the Intel virtualization Technology options in the System BIOS. The location and names for these options in the BIOS will depend on the brand of laptop/desktop you will use to install the XenClient on.
(Lenovo T400 BIOS)
Make sure there is no important data in the laptop/desktop before you install the XenClient, it is not yet possible to convert running physical installations of Windows7/Vista/XP to a XenClient VM during the installation (I hope Citrix will add this in future releases . The setup will have to remove all data to create space for storing the VM’s
3. Download the XenClient ISO
You can download the installation software from www.citrix.com with a MyCitrix account.
If you do not have a MyCitrix account then have a look at Carl Webster’s ‘Learning the Basics of Citrix XenApp 5 Feature Pack 3 for Windows Server 2003 and XenServer 5.6 Part 1 of 12’ where he explains how to sign up for a MyCitrix account
Login with your MyCitrix account and go to the download section. Select the XenClient in the list of available products.
Select ‘XenClient Express’ in the list available downloads for the XenClient.
Select the download link under the’Citrix XenClient and Reciever for XenClient’
Enter all the required information in the registration form and read the Download agreement carefully.
Only If you agree with the download agreement then select ‘I have read and certify that I comply with the above Export Control Laws’ and press the [submit] button.
If you do not agree with the terms then you can cancel the download by using the [back] button or by closing the browser screen.
On the download manager page you can choose between the download manager and the standard file download. The ISO file is 213MB so it might not be necessarily to use the download manager.
Select a location to save the .ISO file and start the download.
4. Burn the ISO to a writable CD/DVD
You can use your own software to burn the .ISO image to a (re)writable CD
If you do not have a program to burn (ISO) images files then you can download the free ImgBurn software. You can download ImgBurn from http://www.imgburn.com/
After installing ImgBurn you can start the program and burn the ISO.
5. Install the Laptop/Desktop with the XenClient CD.
After burning the cd you can put it in the cd/dvd drive in the laptop/desktop and boot from the disc. This might require you to set the boot order in the system BIOS to make the cd/dvd drive the first boot device or select the boot order menu when starting te laptop to select the boot device.
The laptop/desktop will boot with the cd and you will see a screen similar to the picture below when the boot process starts.
After booting from the cd select <Quick Install> on the Welcome screen.
Select [OK] to review the license.
Read the license carefully and scroll down until the indicator at the bottom on the rights side displays ‘100%’
Only if you agree with the license then select [OK] to continue
Only if you agree and accept the license then select [Yes] to continue
Select your keyboard layout.
Select [Skip] and do not verify the CD-ROM media.
Select a password for XenClient. Store this password in a safe place so can look it up in case you might forget the password. The virtual disk will be encrypted so without this password you will not be able to reach your data.
Enter the password again to confirm the password.
Select <Continue> to erase the entire hard disk.
If you do not want to erase the entire hard disk then abort the setup, remove the cd/dvd from the drive and reboot/shutdown the laptop/desktop! Do not select [Continue] if you do not want to erase the hard disk!
After selecting continue you will see a progress bar performing a number of actions.
After that you will see a notification that the installation succeeded successfully.
Press [Enter] to reboot the pc/desktop
The laptop/desktop will start with the XenClient startup screen.
After starting up the XenClient the main screen will appear
Next week I will release part 2 of the ‘How to install and configure Citrix XenClient’. Part 2 will explain how to setup the Personal/Private Windows 7 VM and how to install the XenClient tools.